Preface Intro Achieve Inq & Res Info Tech Info & Soc
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Appendix A: Research-Based Information Problem-Solving Process Models
OSLA
Info. Studies
K-Gr.12
Canada
Kuhlthau
Information Seeking
United States
Eisenberg/Berkowitz
Information Problem-Solving
United States
Irving
Information Skills
United Kingdom
Stripling / Pitts
Research Process
United States
STAGE 1
Preparing
for Research

1. Define
2. Explore
3. Identify
4. Relate

1. Initiation

2. Selection of topic

3. Exploration (investigating information on the general topic

4. Formulation of a focused topic/ thesis

1. Task Definition
  • Define the problem
  • Identify the requirements

 

2. Information Seeking Strategies

  • Determine the range of resources
  • Prioritize sources
1. Formulation/analysis of information need

2. Identification/ appraisal of likely sources

1. Choose a broad topic

2. Get and overview of the topic

3. Narrow the topic

4. Develop thesis/ purpose statement

5. Formulate questions to guide research

6. Plan for research and production

STAGE 2
Accessing Resources

5. Locate
6. Select
7. Gather
8. Collaborate

5. Collection (gather information on focused topic) 3. Location and Access
  • Locate sources
  • Find information within sources
3. Locating individual resources

4. Examining, selecting and rejecting individual resources

7. Find, analyse, evaluate sources
STAGE 3
Processing Information

9. Analyse/ Evaluate
10. Test
11. Sort
12. Synthesize

  4. Information Use
  • Engage - read, view, listen, etc.
  • Extract information

5. Synthesis

  • Organize
  • Create and present
5. Interrogating/using individual resources

6. Recording/storing information

7. Interpretation, analysis, synthesis and evaluation of information

8. Evaluate evidence, take notes, compile bibliography

9. Establish conclusions, organize information into outline

STAGE 4
Transferring Learnin
g

13. Revise
14. Present
15. Reflect
16. Transfer

6. Presentation-organizing, outlining, summarizing, writing

7. Assessment - of outcome and process

6. Evaluation
  • Judge the product
  • Judge the process
8. Shape, presentation and communication of information

9. Evaluation of the assignment

10. Create and present final product

11. Reflection Point - is the paper/product satisfactory?

Preface Intro Achieve Inq & Res Info Tech Info & Soc
Notes Appendix A Appendix B Contents Home OLA Home
PreviousInformation Studies: K-12Next